College Pressures


2019-02-03 22:09:44  巢圣  所属诗集  阅读702 】

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Unit 1
Text A
Travel
travel verb to go from one place to another, especially over a long distance
noun [U] the act or activity of travellin
【注意】根据英语释义可以看出,travel和汉语的“旅游”,有一定的差异。
Travel 是不可数名词,不能用来指具体某一次旅行。用复数指某个人的一系列
“旅游”。
Travel broadens the mind.
Air travel is becoming increasingly popular.
Have you read "The Travels of Marco Polo"?
"Gulliver's Travels" first came out in 1726.
【比较】
travelling (American usually traveling) [U] travel
Let us know about your travelling arrangements.
He asked if all the travelling was really necessary.
NOTE travel or travelling? Travel is used more to talk about journeys made
by people in general; traveling is used more to talk about journeys made by a
particular person: The pass allows unlimited travel on all public transport. ◇ My
job involves a lot of travelling. Travel is often used after a noun or adjective to
describe a particular kind of journey that people make: air /rail /space /business
/foreign travel ◇air /rail /space /business /foreign travelling

【正误】
[×] The travel takes about half an hour.
[√]The journey takes about half an hour.
[×]For long travels we use the train.
[√]For long journeys we use the train.

【比较】
journey especially British the period you spend travelling from one place to another - use this especially about someone travelling for a long distance or when talking about someone regularly travelling somewhere, for example to school or work
It was a long train journey to St Petersburg.
These birds make an incredible 10,000-kilometre journey to Africa every winter.
trip a journey in which you go to a place, stay there for a short time, and then come back. In American English, trip can be used to mean any journey
The trip to the coast took longer than we expected.
My husband’s away on a business trip in China.
tour a journey for pleasure during which you visit several different towns, areas etc. A tour is also an organized journey made by an entertainer, sports team, or politician in order to perform, play, or speak in several places.
The prime minister has left for a three-week tour of South America.
They like to take package tours because they hate dealing with details.
voyage a long journey in a boat or ship
In those days, the voyage to Australia was long and dangerous.
expedition a long journey, especially one made by a group of people, to visit a dangerous place or a place that has never been visited before
The purpose of the expedition was to explore the North American coastline.
an expedition to the North Pole
excursion a short journey arranged so that a group of people can visit a place of interest, especially while they are already on holiday
The resort also offers daily excursions to nearby towns.

men (line 1)
【比较】man, men, mankind,human beings
I. man and mankind are used to denote the whole human species.
Disease has always been one of man's worst enemies.
It is sad to reflect that the history of mankind has been a perpetual series of wars.

Men is used when we mean
(a) some men, but not the whole of the human race.
Men used to wear much gayer clothes than they do nowadays.
(b) men, but not women.
Men always consider they make better drivers than women.

Human beings is used when we want to stress the contrast with animals and things.
The English are sometimes accused of caring more about animals than human beings.

first for the first time, e.g.
I first became interested in painting when, as a boy of ten, I was taken round the
National Gallery by my uncle.

climate (line 4) the usual weather conditions in a particular country or area
Queensland has a warm tropical climate. | the climate of southern Florida
【比较】
weather use this to talk about whether it is hot or cold outside or whether it is raining, snowing, windy etc: What was the weather like on your vacation? | a period of warm sunny weather
【介词用法比较】
by:(表示方式)乘(交通工具);经由(陆路、水路等);通过(通讯、邮电等)
“by+单数名词” 表示抽象的方式:
She hates travelling by car.
The survivors were rescued by helicopter.
I should like, for example, to have arrived in the world by stork.
Send it by air mail.
例外:They travelled on foot.
We followed the hunt on horseback.

表示具体的交通工具用“on,in+名词”
We drove about in taxis all day.
The equipment was taken up the mountain on mules.
They all turned up on bicycles.
He crossed the Atlantic in a yacht.
I'll take you back in the car.

With 表示“工具”。
They protected themselves with simple weapons.
By 表示“手段”
They protected themselves by lighting fires at night and, above all, by keeping
together.
She earns her living by selling insurance.
Switch it on by pressing this button.

to light (transitive) is usually conjugated irregularly: light-lit-lit
He lit his pipe and settled down to read the morning paper.
Have you lit the fire yet?
The streets of the town were brightly lit.
【注意】
It is when we want to use the past participle as an attributive adjective that the regular form lighted must be used

A lighted cigarette-end can be enough to cause a forest fire.
When a predicative adjective is required, use lit.
The candles were already lit.

ride (line 7)
The verb ride can be used in connection with animals or bicycles.
The postman got on his bicycle and rode off.
My daughter has just learnt to ride a bicycle. Now, of course, she wants one for
Christmas.

Note, however, that if no mention of bicycles or horses is made in the context, to ride can only mean "to go on horseback".
She learned to ride when she was seven.
I'm going out riding this afternoon.
【搭配用法】:
ride in a car [a taxi, an elevator]
ride on a bús [boat, train, truck]《大型的交通工具通常用on,内部意识较强时也
可以用in; ~ in a plane》

The verb which means "to go by bicycle" is cycle: He always cycles to work.

was able to (line 9)
【语法】表示过去的能力: could与was/ were able 的用法
a. general ability
When I was young I could/ was able to climb any tree in the forest.
b. for particular occasion
Although the pilot was badly hurt he was able to(×could) explain what had happened
c. exceptions
I had no key so I couldn’t/ wasn’t able to lock the door. (negation)
I could /was able to see him through the window. (verbs of senses)

【介词用法】
from (line 10) 表示“原因,动机”
She felt sick from tiredness.
Her hair was still damp from her walk in the rain.
My muscles are sore from playing basketball.

today (line 11)
【比较】today, nowadays, these days
There are three common time expressions which mean much the same thing: today, nowadays, these days. Rather oddly, you may think, today is the one used in broad historical contexts; nowadays and these days are used for more temporary phenomena, especially fashions.
In 1930 world population stood at about two thousand million. Today, less than thirty-five years later, there are over three thousand million of us.
Every girl of fifteen wants high-heeled shoes nowadays.(nowadays多用于和过去对比,通常位于句首、句末或直接跟在主语后面,不用于现在完成时。)
Spain seems to be the great place to go for your holidays these days.(these days多用于口语)

highly(line 12)used before some adjectives to mean ‘very’ or ‘very well’
That now seems highly unlikely.
a highly motivated salesman
highly dangerous chemicals
注意:highly不能用来修饰单音节的日常用字,如不能说,×highly mad [clear, bright]。

There are cars, splendid roads, trains, all of which ... . (line 13)
定语从句用法:
限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句的区别:
The boys who were lazy got up at nine.
懒惰的男孩子九点钟才起床。(指部分男孩子)
The boys, who were lazy, got up at nine.
这些男孩子,很懒惰,九点钟才起床。(所有男孩子)

The boys who wanted to play football were disappointed when it rained.
The boys, who wanted to play football, were disappointed when it rained.
非限定词定语从句的例子:
There were a number of actors at the party, few of whom I had ever heard of.
The cat has had five kittens, two of which are black.
He composed a vast amount of music, little of which is ever played today.

provide (line 13)
This verb can be used in two different constructions, which demand two different prepositions
The canteen provides the workers with meals. (把with省略是美国用法)
The canteen provides meals for the workers. (用to代替for是美国用法)

comfort (line 14) [C, usually pl.] a thing that makes your life easier or more comfortable,such as electrical devices you have in your home
Electricity provides us with warmth and light and all our modern home comforts.
material comforts (= money and possessions)

sound (line 14)
Remember that sound, like the other verbs of the senses, takes an ADJECTIVE, not an adverb
This bed feels damp.
The garden is looking very pretty this year. This soup tastes awful.

a passport and a visa (line 15) (本课有对冠词用法说明)
注意:and 可以把两个人或两件物连起来成为一个整体:
[OALD7] When and is used in common phrases connecting two things or people that are closely linked, the determiner is not usually repeated before the second:
a needle and thread
a carriage and four (四匹马拉的马车)
a rod and line (钓鱼竿和线)
a knife and fork, a cup and saucer
my father and mother, but
a knife and a spoon
my father and my uncle.
课文的“护照与签证”是一件物,又因为一个护照可以有多个签证,所以visa前面用不定冠词。

luggage (line 15)(指suitcase, trunk, bag 等)
This is an uncountable noun. Others are education, information, equipment, furniture, etc.
ten [many] pieces of luggage10件 [多件]行李《◆×ten [many] ~s 》
There's room for one more piece of luggage.

a hundred and one (line 15)
As used here, this simply means "a very large, indefinite number".
I had a thousand and one things to do.

prefer (line 17)
Do you prefer to exercise indoors or out of doors?
Chantal prefers travelling by train.
She seems to prefer watching soap operas to talking to me.
She prefers to watch soap operas rather than ( to) talk to me.

by stork (line 19)
There is a tradition that says that it is storks that bring people their new babies. [OALD7]
Legend has it that babies are brought by storks.
我想回到过去,乘着白鹤来到人间。
整句:例如,我想回到过去,乘着白鹤来到人间。(to have arrived指过去行为)

also (line 21) WHICH WORD [OALD7]
also / as well / too
Also is more formal than as well and too, and it usually comes before the main verb or after be: I went to New York last year, and I also spent some time in Washington. In BrE it is not usually used at the end of a sentence.
Too is much more common in spoken and informal English. It is usually used at the end of a sentence: ‘I’m going home now.’ ‘I’ll come too.’.
In BrE as well is used like too, but in NAmE it sounds formal or old-fashioned. When you want to add a second negative point in a negative sentence, use not...either: She hasn’t phoned and she hasn’t written either. If you are adding a negative point to a positive one, you can use not…as well / too: You can have a burger, but you can’t have fries as well.

which fifty years ago would have seemed impossible (line 24)
注意虚拟语气的用法

eventually (line 25)
【比较】lastly, finally, eventually, in the end, at last
1. 表示 “经过一段时间或经历后,最后…”
Do not use lastly to say what happened at the end of a period of time or after several other things happened. Use one of the following expressions: Use finally or eventually to say that something happens after a long time?
Finally we managed to get the car to start.
When she eventually turned up, the food was cold.
2. 强调最终结果:
Use eventually or in the end to say what the result or outcome of something was
They eventually got bored and went home.
In the end we decided to cancel the trip.
3. 强调经过长时间的等候或尝试,“终于…”
Use at last to say that something happens after a long period of waiting or trying, when you are glad about this.?
It's good to be home at last.
At last, the pizza's here!
4. 表示列举的最后一个项目
Use lastly or finally to introduce the last point you want to make, the last action in a series of actions, or the last item in a list?
Lastly, I would like to remind you that smoking is not allowed.
Load the paper, select the number of copies, and lastly press 'Print'.
You add flour, salt, and finally milk.

(本课部分材料参考了A New Way To Proficiency in English)
Text B
The Thief’s Story

Ruskin Bond, born 19 May 1934, is an Indian author of British descent. He is considered to be an icon among Indian writers and children's authors and a top novelist.

hand (line 2) a person who engages in manual labour, especially in a factory, on a farm, or on board a ship: a factory hand | the ship was lost with all hands.
[with adj.] a person who does something to a specified standard
I'm a great hand at inventing
She is a great hand at thinking up new games

wrestling match ( line 3)摔跤比赛

confidence (line 5)
gain/win/earn sb's confidence
if you gain someone's confidence, they begin to trust you
After a discouraging start, the young priest had begun to win the confidence of the
villagers.
She decided to take her best friend into her confidence.

a bit of a something (line 6) especially British English used to show that the way you describe something is only true to a limited degree
The news came as a bit of a shock.
I felt a bit of a fool.
It looks like they left in a bit of a hurry.

put off (line 7) to discourage (someone) from something such as work or an activity
The singer was put off by a sudden noise outside, and was unable to continue.

formality (line 13) [C, usually pl.] a thing that you must do as a formal or official part of a legal process, a social situation, etc.
to go through all the formalities necessary in order to get a gun licence
Let's skip the formalities and get down to business.

confine (line 13) to keep someone or something within the limits of a particular activity or subject
confine yourself to (doing) sth
Owen did not confine himself to writing only one type of poem.
I will confine myself to looking at the period from 1900 to 1916.
They confined themselves to purely economic matters.

well-oiled (line 13) working easily and effectively
a well-oiled political machine

hang around (line 26) to spend time in a place waiting or doing nothing
I hung around outside, waiting for the others.

take your time (line 33) do not rush, do it when you have enough time, no rush
"When do you need it?" "It's not urgent. Take your time."

by/in fits and starts (line 35) repeatedly starting and stopping, but not regularly and never for more than a short time
Unfortunately our research has only continued in fits and starts.
The disease progressed in fits and starts for at least two decades.
American military technology has advanced by fits and starts.

be/get/ out of practice (line 47) to be/become less good at doing something than you were because you have not spent time doing it recently
Don't ask me to speak French! I'm out of practice.
It's important to keep in practice. 经常练习很重要。
If you don't play, you'll get out of practice. 不练习就会荒疏。

Lucknow (line: 51)勒克瑙(印度北部城市,北方邦首府)

haul (line 59) (1) quantity of fish caught in a net at one time 一网的捕鱼量
The fishermen had a good haul. 渔民捕得满满一网鱼。
(2) (fig 比喻) amount gained by effort 经努力获得的数量
The thief got away with a huge haul. 那个贼偷走了大量财物。

oil-rich (line 59) 有丰富石油的,
an oil-rich country has plenty of natural oil under the ground from which it is able to make a lot of money
the oil-rich Gulf States
Then along came the Gulf's oil boom and Western banks found themselves flooded
with investments from oil-rich sheikhs (酉长).

deserted (line 65) empty and quiet because no people are there
The streets were deserted.
The old mine now stands completely deserted.

resignation (line 72) [U] patient willingness to accept a difficult or unpleasant situation that you cannot change 逆来顺受,无可奈何
They accepted their defeat with resignation.

maidan (line 74) an open space in or near a town in S Asia, usually covered with grass (用作市场等的)空地,

Unit 2
Text A
The Date Father Didn't Keep

tavern (line 1) British English a pub in the past where you could also stay the night – used nowadays in the names of some pubs:
the Turf Tavern
Marlowe was killed in a fight in a tavern.
【比较】
pub a building in Britain where alcohol can be bought and drunk, and where meals are often served Do you fancy going to the pub? | a country pub
public house British English formal a pub The fight took place outside a public house in the city centre.

cater to/for sth (line 1) try to satisfy a particular need or demand 满足某种需要或要求
newspapers catering to people's love of scandal 迎合人们爱看丑闻消息的报纸.

on (line 2) taking part in an activity or travelling somewhere
I met him on vacation in Canada.
My girlfriend is often away on business trips.

hour: (line 3) (usu. with MODIFIER) a period of time for or marked by a specific activity:
leisure hours.
visiting hours (=the time when you can visit someone in hospital) 探病时间
office/opening hours 上班时间
Please call during office hours.
hours of business 9.00-5.00

show sb around / round (sth) (line 4) to be a guide for sb when they visit a place for the first time to show them what is interesting:
We were shown around the school by one of the students.
Has anyone shown you round yet?

since (line 6)注意since的一些用法
I have never seen him since he was ill. (自从他病好以后,我一直没有见过他。
自从他生病以来,我就没有见过他:I have never seen him since he fell ill.)
Since he was at this university, it has gone through a great change. (自从他离开以后,这所大学发生了很大变化。)

【比较】
I have seldom been to the cinema since I have had a television set.
(表示现在还拥有电视机。)
Since I have been at the school we have had three headmasters.
(表示我现在还在学校。)

gracious (line 9) having the qualities of great comfort, beauty and freedom made possible by wealth:
We can't afford gracious living.

set a / the table (line11 ) to arrange knives, forks, etc. on a table for a meal:
Could you set the table for dinner?
The table was set for six guests.

【表达法】 [OALD7 do]
household jobs: do or make?
To talk about jobs in the home you can use such phrases as wash the dishes, clean the kitchen floor, set the table, etc. In conversation the verb do is often used instead:
Let me do the dishes.
Michael said he would do the kitchen floor.
It’s your turn to do the table.
Do is often used with nouns ending -ing: to do the shopping / cleaning / ironing / vacuuming. The verb make is used especially in the phrase make the beds and when you are talking about preparing or cooking food:
He makes a great lasagne. (宽面条)
I’ll make breakfast while you’re having a shower.
You can also say get, get ready and, especially in NAmE, fix for preparing meals: Can you get dinner while I put the kids to bed?
Sit down — I’ll fix supper for you.

customer (line 11)
【比较】
customer, client, patron, shopper, consumer
Customer is the most general word. A customer is someone who buys something from a particular shop. People who pay to use something such as a transport service can also be called customers
A customer came in and bought several jackets. | Customers are advised that the next train is delayed.
A client is someone who pays for a service : a hairdresser and her clients
A patron of a particular restaurant, bar etc is someone who eats or drinks there. This is a fairly formal word and it is more usual to use customer
Patrons are asked to refrain from smoking.
A shopper is someone who is involved in the activity of buying things from shops
The street was crowded with shoppers.
A consumer is anyone who pays for goods and services. This word is used especially when you are talking about people's rights :
Consumers have a right to know what they are buying.
(详细参看Book II, Unit 2, 词汇学习)

【语法】
might have done (line 12) :“也许曾经…”推测过去的可能性
He may/might have missed the train.
One reason that we have not had his letter yet is that he may/might have sent it to
our old address by mistake.
(用might可能性比may小,甚至事实证明不可能)
【比较】
You shouldn’t have drunk the wine. It may/might have been drugged.
你本不该喝这个酒的, 会下了药的。(用may表示还不知道是否下了药,用might表示下了药的可能性不大,或证明了没有, 因此虚拟语气也用might。)

stout (PERSON) (line 12) adjective (especially of older people) quite fat and solid-looking, especially around the waist常常用作fat的委婉语
Mrs Blower was the rather stout lady with the glasses and the sensible shoes.

how (line 17 )old-fashioned or written used to say that something happens to a very great degree
How the crowd loved it!
How I hate the winter!

thank God/goodness/heaven(s) (line 17) informal
1 used for saying that you are happy that something unpleasant has stopped or has not happened
Thank heaven nobody was injured in the crash.
“It's OK, I've found the keys.” “Thank God for that.”
2 used for saying that you are lucky to have something
Look at all these dishes- thank goodness for dishwashers.

mop (line 18) to dry your face by rubbing it with a cloth or something soft
SYN wipe
It was so hot he had to keep stopping to mop his face.
The doctor mopped his brow (=removed sweat from his forehead) with a
handkerchief.

thing (line 19) (with an adjective) informal used to talk to or about a person or an animal, to show how you feel about them
You silly thing!
You must be starving, you poor things.
The cat's very ill, poor old thing.

blurt something ? out phrasal verb (line 21)
to say something suddenly and without thinking, usually because you are nervous or excited
Peter blurted the news out before we could stop him.

object (to sb/sth) (line 25)
object (to doing sth / to sb doing sth) to say that you disagree with, disapprove of or oppose something
Many local people object to the building of the new airport.

注意object的用法,先看下面的例子:
?At the meeting there was a heated discussion about whether to build a new office building. Elderly people objected that the money should be saved for other purposes while young people protested that the old building did not match a prestigious school. The meeting, lasting two hours, failed to come to an agreement. (谁赞成建楼,谁反对?)
object that… to give something as a reason for opposing something
He objected that the police had arrested him without sufficient evidence.
【注意】同样容易被误解的例子:
protest that 申明
 Clive protested that he hadn't been given enough time to do everything.
Sarah protested that she wasn't Mick's girlfriend.

romance (line 26) [C] a close, usually short relationship of love between two people
They got married last year after a whirlwind (= very short and unexpected) romance.
It was just a holiday romance.
Office romances are usually a bad idea.

prospects (line 26) the possibility of being successful, especially at work
She's hoping the course will improve her career prospects.
Prospects of/for (= Opportunities for) employment remain bleak for most people in
the area.

dependent (on / upon sb/sth) (for sth) (line 26 ) needing sb/sth in order to survive or be successful
a woman with several dependent children
You can't be dependent on your parents all your life.
The festival is heavily dependent on sponsorship for its success.

on (line 26)表示“依靠”、 “依赖”
You can always count on him, he’ll never fail you.
你总是可以信赖他,他决定不会让你失望的。
You can’t rely on his assistance.
One could never depend on his arriving on time.
The plan rests on your cooperation.

allowance (line 27) an amount of money that you are given regularly or for a special purpose
a monthly/annual etc allowance
 His father gives him a monthly allowance of £200.

cut off (line 27) To cut off a supply of something means to stop providing it or stop it being provided.
His company is preparing to shut down in the event that their water supply is cut off.
Our phone's been cut off.
Why cut the money off?

【语法】
be to do sth (line 32) formal used to talk about arrangements for the future
Audrey and Jimmy are to be married in June.
Two men are to appear in court on charges of armed robbery.
 
youthful (line 36) typical of young people, or seeming young
youthful enthusiasm/energy/vigour

beam (line 40 ) to smile very happily
 Sherman looked at his sons and beamed proudly.
【表达法】
1. to smile
smile broadly smile with your mouth very wide
She smiled broadly when her name was called.
grin [intransitive verb] to give a big happy smile
Grinning shyly, he offered her a drink.
grin from ear to ear informal to grin a lot because you are very happy
She was holding the baby, and grinning from ear to ear.
beam [intransitive verb] to smile for a long time, especially because you are very pleased about or proud of something or someone
Her parents stood there beaming as she went up to receive the prize.
beam with pleasure/pride etc
Daddy sat in the first pew, beaming with pride.
somebody’s face lights up if someone’s face lights up, they suddenly look happy, for example because they have received some good news
The moment she walked into the room, Bob’s face lit up.
break into a smile/grin [verb phrase] to suddenly start smiling
All at once she broke into a smile as she remembered what had happened.
She broke into a grin, and started to run towards me.
be all smiles [verb phrase] to be very happy, smile a lot, and be friendly toward other people, especially because a situation is the way you want it
I don’t understand it -- he was all smiles this morning and now he won’t talk to me.
force a smile [verb phrase] to try hard to smile when you do not feel happy
‘I’m getting married,’ he said. Somehow I managed to force a smile.
Alice forced a smile, hoping it looked natural.

2. to smile in an unpleasant way
smirk [intransitive verb] to smile in an unpleasant way, for example because you are pleased about someone else’s bad luck or because you know something that they do not know 傻笑; 得意的笑
She sits there smirking as if she’s the only one who knows the answer.
sneer [intransitive verb] to smile in an unpleasant and offensive way that shows you think someone is stupid or less good than you 嗤笑(某人[某事物]); 嘲笑; 讥笑
As she read the letter, she started to sneer.
long (line 42 ) WHICH WORD [OALD7]
(for) long / (for) a long time
Both (for) long and (for) a long time are used as expressions of time. In positive sentences (for) a long time is used We’ve been friends a long time.
(For) long is not used in positive sentences unless it is used with too, enough, as, so, seldom, etc.
I stayed out in the sun for too long.
You’ve been waiting long enough.
Both (for) long and (for) a long time can be used in questions, but (for) long is usually preferred Have you been waiting long?
In negative sentences (for) a long time sometimes has a different meaning from (for) long
Compare: I haven’t been here for a long time (= It is a long time since the last time I was here)
I haven’t been here long (= I arrived here only a short time ago).

just (line 44)用于加强疑问词
Just why do you want it?《语气更强的也可以说: J~ exactly why ...》.

of course (line 46) used to show that what you are saying is not surprising or is generally known or accepted (=naturally)不用说,自然,当然
Ben, of course, was the last to arrive.
Of course, there are other ways of doing this.
The only honest answer is, of course, yes.

So (line 51) used to refer to a discovery that you have just made 原来…
So that's what he does when I'm not around!

show up phrasal verb (line 52) to arrive or appear at the place you have arranged
如约赶到;出现;露面
She finally showed up at lunchtime. 午饭时分她终于赶到了。
I arranged to meet him but he didn’t show up.
我约了和他见面,可他没来。
SYN turn up

heart-warming (line 56 ) adjective causing feelings of happiness and pleasure
making you feel happy, usually because other people are being kind
It’s really heartwarming to see such generosity.
a heart-warming experience / story
It's heart-warming to hear of the success you've had with the appeal.

doubly (line 57) adverb (used before adjectives)
1. more than usual: doubly difficult / hard / important
Be doubly careful when driving in fog.
I made doubly sure I locked all the doors when I went out.
2. in two ways; for two reasons
I was doubly attracted to the house-by its size and its location.

(本课文选自《读者文摘英汉对照选集》)
Text B
Going Home
related (引言line3 ) [T] formal to tell someone about events that have happened to you or to someone else
relate sth to sb
 He later related the whole story to me.

folklore (引言line 5) [U] 民间传说
Her books are often based on folklore and fairy-tales.

emerge (from sth) (引言line5 )to come out of a dark, confined or hidden place
The swimmer emerged from the lake.
She finally emerged from her room at noon.
We emerged into bright sunlight.

the / your subconscious (引言line 5) [sing.] the part of your mind that contains feelings that you are not aware of 下意识(心理活动),潜意识(心理活动)
The memory was buried deep within my subconscious.
Those feelings had been hidden in her subconscious.
anger buried deep in the subconscious 深深埋藏在潜意识里的愤怒
---compare the unconscious

anew (引言line6 ) adv (usu rhet 通常作修辞) in a new or different way; again 重新; 再
Our efforts must begin anew. 我们得从头再来。

cast (引言line 6) all the actors in a play, etc 戏剧等的全体演员
a film with a distinguished cast, ie with famous actors in it 名演员联合演出的电影
cast of characters :the actors in a play

shift (引言line 6) [no obj.]change in emphasis, direction, or focus. (在重点、方向或焦点方面)转变
The wind had shifted to the east.风转向东。
The balance of power shifted abruptly. 权力均衡突然转变。

endure (引言line 7) [intransitive] to remain alive or continue to exist for a long time
friendships which endure over many years
The political system established in 1400 endured until about 1650.

board (line 1) [I and T] formal to get on a bus, plane, train etc in order to travel somewhere
The couple boarded the train for New York.
Passengers were standing on the dock, waiting to board.

gray (line 3 ) (of the weather) cloudy and dull; without sun
a cold, gray November day.

cold (line 3 ) a low temperature, especially in the atmosphere; cold weather; a cold environment 冷,寒冷(尤指气温);寒冷的天气;寒冷的环境
I was shivering with cold.
Don’t go out in the cold without your coat!

mask (line 5 ) to hide a feeling, smell, fact, etc. so that it cannot be easily seen or noticed
SYN disguise, veil
She masked her anger with a smile.
Men often mask their true feelings with humour.

cocoon (line 6) n silky covering made by an insect larva to protect itself while it is a chrysalis 茧.
If you are living in a cocoon, you are in an environment in which you feel protected and safe, and sometimes isolated from everyday life.
Even though we're living together we walk around in this cocoon of silence.
You cannot live in a cocoon and overlook these facts.
a cocoon of affection and support

pull (line 7) to move in the stated direction
During the last lap of the race one of the runners began to pull ahead.
We waved as the train pulled out of the station.

rooted (line 8 ) fixed in one place; not moving or changing
She was rooted to her chair.
Their life is rooted in Chicago now.
Racism is still deeply rooted in our society.

bright (line 12 ) cheerful and lively
She gave me a bright smile.
His face was bright with excitement.

retreat (line 14) [v, usually + adv. / prep.] to escape to a place that is quieter or safer
SYN retire
Bored with the conversation, she retreated to her bedroom.
(figurative) He retreated into a world of fantasy.
The Secretary appeared to retreat from his position when challenged by the press.

chatter (line 18) to talk quickly in a friendly way without stopping, especially about things that are not serious or important
She chattered excitedly like a child.
chatter about
We were chattering about the events of last night.

the can (line 25) noun [S] US informal prison
He spent ten years in the can for armed robbery.

hurt (line 27) to make sb unhappy or upset
What really hurt was that he never answered my letter.
I'm sorry, I didn't mean to hurt you.

be (really/quite) something (line 28) spoken used to say that something is very good and impressive
Running your own company at 21 is really something.
That was really something, wasn’t it?
You should have come to the concert, it was quite something, I can tell you.

And you're going home now, not knowing?(line 30)
你现在回家,还不知道情况怎样吗?

come through (line 31) If a piece of information or a document comes through, you receive it.
Have the test results come through yet?
My visa still hasn't come through.

take sb back (line 34) to allow sb such as your husband, wife or partner to come home after they have left because of a problem; to allow sb to return to their job
允许﹙因不合而离去的配偶等﹚回家;与…重归于好;允许…复职
I agreed to take her back if she promised to be faithful in future.
我同意让她回家,但她要保证以后对我忠诚。
An employer cannot be forced to take you back.
没有什么可以逼使雇主让雇员复职。

wow (SURPRISE) (line 35) exclamation informal
used to show surprise and sometimes pleasure
Wow! Did you make that cake? It looks delicious!
Wow! You look terrific!

be/get caught up in sth (line 36 ) to be completely absorbed in an activity, your own feelings, etc. 陷入(活动、感情等);被完全吸引
She got caught up in the excitement and drama of the auction.
她完全沉浸在拍卖的兴奋和激动场面中。
I didn’t hear you come in; I was so caught up in this book.
我没听见你进来;我只顾着看这本书。
handsome (line 38 ) is usually used to describe a man or boy who is good-looking, with strong regular features. It can also be used to describe a woman, usually an older woman, who has attractive but masculine features.
a handsome woman in her fifties

unformed (line 38 )not having developed or been developed fully. 未成型的;未充分发展的
unformed youths不成熟的年轻人
The child's character is as yet unformed. 那孩子的性格尚未定型。

snapshot [C] a photograph taken without the use of professional equipment
cracked, much-handled snapshots摸得太多,满是裂痕的照片(line 39)

acquire (line 41) learn or develop (a skill, habit, or quality).
学到,习得,培养(技能,习惯,品质)
I've acquired a taste for whisky. 我养成了喝威士忌酒的爱好。
The college acquired a reputation for very high standards.

the silence of absence and lost years(line 42)
那种离家多年、青春虚掷的沉默
大概指大家想到Vingo长期离家,青春虚掷,都沉默了。

ex-con (line 43)noun [C] informal a criminal who has been in prison but who is now free

mask (line 43) [usually sing.] a manner or an expression that hides your true character or feelings
He longed to throw off the mask of respectability.
Her face was a cold blank mask.

fortify sb / yourself (against sb/sth) (line 43) to make sb/yourself feel stronger, braver, etc.
He fortified himself against the cold with a hot drink.

billow (line 48) (of a sail, skirt, etc.) to fill with air and swell out
The curtains billowed in the breeze.

(本课文选自《读者文摘英汉对照选集》)

改编歌曲:老橡树上的黄丝带
Tie A Yellow Ribbon Round The Old Oak Tree
Lyriics by Rilly Towne, Music by Monos Hadjidkis, Vocals by The Dawn

i'm coming home, i've done my time
now i've got to know what is and isn't mine
if you receive my letter telling you
i'd soon be free
then you'll know just what to do
if you still want me, if you still want me
tie a yellow ribbon round the old oak tree
it's been three long years
do you still want me?
if i don't see a ribbon round the old oak tree
i'll stay on the bus, forget about us
put the blame on me, if i don't see
a yellow ribbon round the old oak tree

bus driver, please look for me
cause i couldn't bear to see what i might see
i'm really still in prison
and my love she holds the key
a simple yellow ribbon's what i need to set me free
i wrote and told her please

now the whole damn bus is cheering and
i can't believe i see
a hundred yellow ribbons round the old oak tree
tie a ribbon round the old oak tree…

这首风格迥异、热情朴实、充满乡情味的“老橡树上的黄”多年来一直流行与广大青年之中,作者Tony Orlando创造了爱的奇迹。Dawn(黎明)乐队于1973年演唱了这首名曲,到1979年,这首歌已被灌片出版达1000次以上,成为世界上被翻唱灌片次数最多的歌曲。
……
这个故事看出后不久,很快就出现了这首不朽的音乐作品。1979年这首歌在美国广为热播,当时美国和伊朗交恶,美国在伊朗大使馆的50多名工作人员被作为人质监禁了444天。所有的美国人都十分想念自己的同胞,其中一位工作人员的妻子因盼望丈夫的归来而在家门口的树上挂满了黄丝带,这个事件导致了“老橡树上的黄丝带的热播。现在很多美国人一听到这首歌,马上就会想起当年发生的这件事情。
这个爱情故事不仅被改编成音乐作品,而且还被改编成电影,由电影明星高仓健和千惠子主演的日本电影片《幸福的黄手帕》也同样以这个故事为蓝本。黄手帕也好,黄丝带也好,都是希望和爱情的信物和象征







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