古今平仄新论


2020-01-08 06:22:32  罗志海  所属诗集  阅读165 】

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一、古音平仄
现代闽南话是古代唐朝话的子方言。现代潮汕话和现代海陆丰话是现代闽南话的子方言、是古代唐朝话的孙方言。这些子孙方言,它们的阴平调调值是33调值(有些方言异读为44调值),发音特点是,起点3,落点也是3。阳平调调值是55调值,发音特点是,起点5,落点也是5。平调读音平缓。由此可见,古代唐朝话阴平调调值是33调值,阳平调调值是55调值,这是毋庸置疑的。
这些子孙方言的仄调呢?它们的仄调有的是降调,如51调,发音特点是,起点5,落点是1;有的是升调,如35调,发音特点是,起点3,落点是5;有的或是降升调,如212调,发音特点是,先由2降至1,然后再升上2。仄调读音不平缓。溯源后,古代唐朝话仄调应有相同的特点,这是不会错的。
这些子孙方言的入调呢?它们的调值一般为2.和5.,有起点,没有落点。读音促狭逼仄。同样地,古代唐朝话入调应有相同的特点,这是不会错的。韵书字典通常把入调列为仄声调。

二、今音平仄
古代唐朝话有阴平、阳平、阴上、阳上、阴去、阳去、阴入、阳入八个调类。现代普通话有阴平、阳平、上声、去声四个调类。
表面看起来,现代普通话阴平阳平是平调,上声去声是仄调。实质上并不是。现代普通话阴平55调值,是真正的平调。而阳平调呢?阳平调调值是35调。很明显,阳平调是仄调而不是平调。阳平调是名存实亡的平调。

三、结论
综上所述,古音平仄是真正的平仄,名符其实。今音平仄不是真正的平仄,名存实亡。
看了这篇帖文后,亲爱的文人骚客们,你们做何感想?你们的平仄理论会不会有所触动修改?


A New Theory Of Ancient And Modern Level And Oblique Tones

by Luo Zhihai

1、 Ancient level and oblique tones

Modern Minnan dialect is a son-dialect of ancient Tang Dynasty dialect. Modern Chaoshan dialect and modern Hailufeng dialect are the son-dialects of modern Minnan dialect and the grandson-dialects of ancient Tang Dynasty dialect. Their Yin level tonal value is 33 (value of some dialects is 44) and their pronunciation feature is starting point 3 and ending point 3. Their Yang level tonal value is 55 and their pronunciation feature is starting point 5 and ending point 5. The level tones are flat. Thus it can be seen that in the ancient Tang Dynasty, the Yin level tonal value was 33 and the Yang level tonal value was 55, which is beyond doubt.
What about the oblique tones of these son-dialect and grandson-dialects? Some of their tonal tones are descending tones, such as 51, its pronunciation feature is starting point 5 and ending point 1; some are ascending tones, such as 35, its pronunciation feature is starting point 3 and ending point 5; some are descending and ascending tones, such as 212, its pronunciation feature is starting point 2 to 1 and then ascending to 2. the oblique tones is not smooth. After tracing back to the source, it is not wrong that the oblique tones of ancient Tang Dynasty should have the same features.
What about the ru tones of these son-dialect and grandson-dialects? Their tonal values are generally 2. And 5., with a starting point and no ending point. The pronunciation is narrow. In the same way, it is not wrong that the ru tones of the dialect of ancient Tang Dynasty should have the same features. The dictionaries of rhymes usually lists the ru tones as the oblique tones.

2、 Modern level and oblique tones

In ancient Tang Dynasty, there were eight kinds of tones: Yin Ping, Yang Ping, Yin Shang, Yang Shang, Yin Qu, Yang Qu, Yin Ru and Yang Ru. Modern Putonghua has four tones: Yin Ping, Yang Ping, Shangsheng and Qusheng.
On the surface, in modern Putonghua, Yin Ping and Yang Ping are level tones and Shangsheng and Qusheng are oblique tones. Not really. In modern Putonghua, 55 tonal value of Yin Ping, which is the real level tone. And Yang Ping tone? Yang Ping tonal value is 35. It is clear that the Yang Ping tone is an oblique tones rather than a level tone. Yang Ping tone is a level tone, but ceases to exist except in name.

3、Conclusion
To sum up, the ancient level and oblique tones are the true tones, which are worthy of their names. Today's level and oblique tones are not the true level tones. Their names are still in existence, which are cease to exist except in name.
After reading this internet article, dear literati and poets, what do you think? Will your theory of level and oblique tones be touched and modified?

北京时间1/7/2020写
Beijing Time1/7/2020 wrote







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  •   鉴赏、评论:
  •   乱语充数 223.97.56.212     2020/1/10 8:51:09     2 楼
  • 送了5朵鲜花
    欣赏情怀
    谢谢分享
    问好诗友
  •   杨远望 103.27.26.176     2020/1/8 9:15:09     1 楼
  • 送了5朵鲜花
    首赏佳作,谢谢分享!
    今古发音相差较大,且南北也不相同,所以格律诗的平仄也不可能一统天下,尤其是多音字(如看、过、望、为等字),在古诗里面很多都是平仄两用,可平可仄,很灵活。就我创作体会而言,用平水韵写的诗比用新韵写的韵律要美,所以后来逐步不怎么用新韵了而多为平水韵。
    再次谢谢志海诗友的分享,向您致敬

    作者回复:2020/1/8 10:51:38

    谢谢诗友!

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